This article is about musical harmony and harmonies. In many types of music, notably baroque, romantic, modern, and jazz, chords are often augmented with “tensions”. In simple words, that occurs when there is a balance between “tense” and “relaxed” moments. The term was often used for the whole beyond functional harmony pdf of music, while “music” referred to the arts in general.
In Ancient Greece, the term defined the combination of contrasted elements: a higher and lower note. In the Middle Ages the term was used to describe two pitches sounding in combination, and in the Renaissance the concept was expanded to denote three pitches sounding together. European history written on the subject of harmony. 1722 that any text discussing musical practice made use of the term in the title, though that work is not the earliest record of theoretical discussion of the topic. Current dictionary definitions, while attempting to give concise descriptions, often highlight the ambiguity of the term in modern use.
While the entire history of music theory appears to depend on just such a distinction between harmony and counterpoint, it is no less evident that developments in the nature of musical composition down the centuries have presumed the interdependence—at times amounting to integration, at other times a source of sustained tension—between the vertical and horizontal dimensions of musical space. Western music began in about 1600 is commonplace in music theory. Modern theorists, however, tend to see this as an unsatisfactory generalisation. Like music as a whole, harmony is a process. Pitch simultaneity in particular is rarely a major consideration. Western Music improvisation has been uncommon since the end of the 19th century.