According to Patricia Fanthorpe, hypnosis “dates back hypnotherapy dave elman pdf download millennia. Catholic priest of the time, believed that disease was caused by evil spirits and could be exorcised by incantations and prayer.
One of Father Hell’s students was a young medical doctor from Vienna named Franz Anton Mesmer. Mesmer found that, after opening a patient’s vein and letting the patient bleed for a while, passing magnets over the wound appeared to be an active force making the bleeding stop. Mesmer additionally discovered that using a stick instead also “worked. After moving to Paris and becoming popular with the French aristocracy for his magnetic cures, the medical community challenged him.
Mesmer refused to cooperate with the investigation and this fell to his disciple Dr d’Eslon. Franklin constructed an experiment in which a blindfolded patient was shown to respond as much to a non-prepared tree as to one that had been “magnetised” by d’Eslon. This is considered perhaps the first placebo-controlled trial of a therapy ever conducted. The commission later declared that Mesmerism worked by the action of the imagination. Although Mesmerism remained popular and “magnetic therapies” are still advertised as a form of “alternative medicine” even today, Mesmer himself retired to Switzerland in obscurity, where he died in 1815. Many of the original mesmerists were signatories to the first declarations that proclaimed the French revolution in 1789.
Magnetism was neglected or forgotten during the Revolution and the Empire. The development of chemical anesthetics soon saw the replacement of hypnotism in this role. English surgeon, in 1834 reported numerous painless surgical operations that had been performed using mesmerism. Braid fiercely opposed the views of the Mesmerists, especially the claim that their effects were due to an invisible force called “animal magnetism,” and the claim that their subjects developed paranormal powers such as telepathy. Mesmeric phenomena on the basis of well-established laws of psychology and physiology. Hence, Braid is regarded by many as the first true “hypnotist” as opposed to the Mesmerists and other magnetists who preceded him.