Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The same characters can be pronounced “kung fu san soo forms pdf-dō” in Japanese.
Funakoshi claimed Okinawan Karate could “now be considered a Japanese martial art” and found the China reference “inappropriate” and “in a sense degrading”. It was during this time that the Japanese occupied Korea, and the resident general, in an attempt to control the population, banned the practice of native martial arts, setting the penalty at imprisonment. As a result, Hwang Kee decided to enter China, where he would live the next 20 years. China on the other side. I climbed the wall at night, I was in excellent physical condition at the time and there were parts of the Great Wall that were lower than others. I ran up the side of the wall two or three steps and then grabbed at the top.
Once on top, I distracted the soldiers guarding the other side by throwing rocks away from where I climbed down. At this time in China, it was hard for any martial artist to find a master willing to take them on as a student. Following the conclusion of World War II, Hwang Kee returned to Korea. In 1944 Ro, Byung Jik founded Song Moo Kwan and Lee, Won Kim founded the Chung Do Kwan. Around the time of the liberation of Korea in 1945, three more martial arts schools called were formed by men who were primarily trained in some form of karate, but also had exposure to kung fu.
Texas, in the United States. General Choi, Rhee began using the name “Taekwondo”. This nomenclature reflects this government-ordered kwan merger. In 1964, the Korean Tae Soo Do Association was formed which, in 1965, became the Korean Tae Kwon Do Association. Korean Soo Bahk Do Association. Kwan Jang Nim’s organization was the largest martial arts system in Korea at the time.
Grandmaster Hwang Kee agreed to discuss unification but, when it became clear that he would not be in charge of the new organization, he ultimately refused. The result was a weakening of the Moo Duk Kwan as the Tae Kwon Do movement grew in strength, absorbing many Moo Duk Kwan members in the process. To restore national identity after the protracted occupation of Korea by Japanese forces, the Korean government ordered a single organization to be created. The name was changed back to the “Korea Taekwondo Association” when General Choi became its president in August 1965. Despite this unification effort, the kwans continued to teach their individual styles. Hwang Kee and a large constituent of the Moo Duk Kwan continued to develop a version of Tang Soo Do that eventually became what is now known as “Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan”. This modified version of Tang Soo Do incorporates more fluid “soft” movements reminiscent of certain traditional Chinese martial arts.
The World Tang Soo Do Association and the International Tang Soo Do Federation teach systems of Tang Soo Do that existed before the Taekwondo “merger” and before the development of modern Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan. Hwang Kee’s son, Hyun Chul Hwang. Olympic-style point-sparring to accommodate the various traditional Korean stylists. As no one is perfect, the belt for the dan rank is a midnight blue color. It was also a belief of the founder of Moo Duk Kwan, Hwang Kee, that black is a color to which nothing can be added, thus blue signifies that a dan holder is still learning. Many schools and organizations still opt to use the black belt.
Hwang Kee were white belt, green belt, and red belt. In the mid-1980s, a yellow belt was placed between the white and orange belt in some other organizations. However, this is primarily a western influence. The dan rank ranges from 1st through 9th degree. If in constant study, then it was easy to measure when testing for the next rank. The next dan number was equal to the minimum number of years that must be spent training to achieve that dan.