Yuanmingyuan Ruins of Dashuifa letter from peking pdf. Ruins of Yuanyingguan Hall – 2013.
Stone Arch Bridge in Yuanmingyuan. Widely conceived as the pinnacle work of Chinese imperial garden and palace design, the Old Summer Palace was an architectural wonder, known for its extensive collection of gardens, its building architecture and numerous art and historical treasures. Meanwhile, the French and British troops reached the palace and conducted extensive looting and destruction. Together, they covered an area of 3. Hundreds of structures, such as halls, pavilions, temples, galleries, gardens, lakes and bridges, stood on the grounds. In addition, hundreds of examples of Chinese artwork and antiquities were stored in the halls, along with unique copies of literary works and compilations. Several famous landscapes of southern China had been reproduced in the Imperial Gardens.
18th century European-style palaces, fountains and formal gardens. European fountain, and employed Castiglione and Benoist to carry out the work to satisfy his taste for exotic buildings and objects. Western-style palaces, pavilion, aviaries, a maze, fountains, basins, and waterworks as well as perspective paintings organized as an outdoor theatre stage were constructed. A striking clock fountain was placed in front of the largest palace, the Haiyan Tang. 2 hours, but all spouting water in concert at noon. These European-style buildings however only occupied an area along the back of the Garden of Eternal Spring that was small compared to the overall area of the gardens. Imperial Gardens were made up of Chinese-style buildings.
There were also a few buildings in Tibetan and Mongol styles, reflecting the diversity of the Qing Empire. Old Summer Palace Historic drawing. The Yongzheng Emperor also introduced the waterworks of the gardens, creating lakes, streams and ponds to complement the rolling hills and grounds, and named 28 scenic spots within the garden. 1744 by the Qianlong Emperor’s court painters. The construction of the European-style palaces was initiated in 1747. Both published complementary accounts of the mission.
Titsingh died before he could publish his version of the events. Beijing, where they were confined and tortured. Parkes and Loch were returned after two weeks, with 14 other survivors. 20 British, French and Indian captives died. Their bodies were barely recognizable. On the night of 5 October, French units diverted from the main attack force towards the Old Summer Palace.