This article is semi-protected until February 1, 2020. Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks an understanding of the Earth and its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but how they have changed and come to be. Human geography the geography of north america environment culture economy pdf with the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across space and place. Geography is a systematic study of the Earth and its features.
The interdisciplinary nature of the geographical approach depends on an attentiveness to the relationship between physical and human phenomena and its spatial patterns. This is ‘a description of the world’—that is Geography. In a word Geography is a Science—a thing not of mere names but of argument and reason, of cause and effect. Just as all phenomena exist in time and thus have a history, they also exist in space and have a geography. Human geography is a branch of geography that focuses on the study of patterns and processes that shape the human society.
It requires an understanding of the traditional aspects of physical and human geography, as well as the ways that human societies conceptualize the environment. Integrated geography has emerged as a bridge between the human and the physical geography, as a result of the increasing specialisation of the two sub-fields. Geomatics has led to a revitalization of some geography departments, especially in Northern America where the subject had a declining status during the 1950s. Regional geography is concerned with the description of the unique characteristics of a particular region such as it natural or human elements.
The main aim is to understand, or define the uniqueness, or character of a particular region that consists of natural as well as human elements. Systematic — Groups geographical knowledge into categories that can be explored globally. Regional — Examines systematic relationships between categories for a specific region or location on the planet. Descriptive — Simply specifies the locations of features and populations. Although other subdisciplines of geography rely on maps for presenting their analyses, the actual making of maps is abstract enough to be regarded separately.
Cartography has grown from a collection of drafting techniques into an actual science. It can be said, without much controversy, that cartography is the seed from which the larger field of geography grew. Most geographers will cite a childhood fascination with maps as an early sign they would end up in the field. Earth for automatic retrieval by a computer, in an accurate manner appropriate to the information’s purpose.
GIS also refers to the science of using GIS software and GIS techniques to represent, analyse, and predict the spatial relationships. Remote sensing is the science of obtaining information about Earth features from measurements made at a distance. Geographers are making notable contributions to the method of quantitative techniques. Geographic qualitative methods, or ethnographical research techniques, are used by human geographers. The accompanying text mentions seven outer regions beyond the encircling ocean. The descriptions of five of them have survived.
9th century BC depicted Babylon as being further north from the center of the world, though it is not certain what that center was supposed to represent. Greek writers to be the true founder of geography, come to us through fragments quoted by his successors. Thales is also credited with the prediction of eclipses. However, he still believed that the Earth was a flat disk, as did many of his contemporaries. To measure the longitude at different location on Earth, he suggested using eclipses to determine the relative difference in time. 5 miles for a degree. 17th century advanced ideas and methods of Western-style geography were adopted in China.