Zayd is said to have been ten years younger than Muhammad, suggesting a birth-year of c. 629, indicating a birthdate of 576. Udhra ibn Zayd al-Lat, who was in the history of al tabari pdf download alleged to have been a great-great-grandson of Kalb ibn Wabara.
Zayd’s family searched for him, but without success. He remained in her possession until the day she married Muhammad, when she gave the slave as a wedding present to her bridegroom. Some years later, some members of Zayd’s tribe happened to arrive in Mecca on pilgrimage. They encountered Zayd and recognised each other, and he asked them to take a message home.
I am far away, that close to the House and the places of pilgrimage I stay. Ma’ad they are the noblest. On receiving this message, Zayd’s father and uncle immediately set out for Mecca. Muhammad replied that Zayd should be allowed to choose his fate, but that if he wished to return to his family, Muhammad would release him without accepting any ransom in exchange.
I have seen something in this man, and I am not the kind of person who would ever choose anyone in preference to him. Witness that Zayd becomes my son, with mutual rights of inheritance. In accordance with the Arabic custom of adoption at the time, Zayd was thereafter known as “Zayd ibn Muhammad” and was a freedman, regarded socially and legally as Muhammad’s son. Zayd was carrying in their bag. I do not eat anything which you slaughter in the name of your stone idols.
I eat none but those things on which Allah’s Name has been mentioned at the time of slaughtering. After this encounter, said Muhammad, “I never stroked an idol of theirs, nor did I sacrifice to them, until God honoured me with his apostleship. Hamza accordingly trusted his last testament to Zayd just before his death in 625. A few months later, Muhammad and Abu Bakr sent Zayd back to Mecca to escort their families to Medina. Zayd married at least six times. Abi Lahab, a cousin of Muhammad. Durrah’s two brothers were divorced from Muhammad’s two daughters in 613.
Hind bint Al-Awwam, a niece of Khadijah. Zayd was presumably in or after 623. They were married in 625 and divorced in late 626. This marriage was ordered by Muhammad in 628, but it ended in divorce. Zayd, son of Umm Kulthum, who died in infancy. Ruqayya, daughter of Umm Kulthum, who died while under the care of Uthman. Around 625 Muhammad proposed that his cousin, Zaynab bint Jahsh, should marry Zayd.
The Prophet was well aware that it is a person’s standing in the eyes of Allah that is important, rather than his or her status in the eyes of the people their marriage would demonstrate that it was not who their ancestors were, but rather their standing in the sight of Allah, that mattered. Zayd was high in Muhammad’s esteem. She can hardly have thought that he was not good enough. Muhammad did not want his family to be so closely allied. Zaynab acquiesced and married Zayd. The marriage lasted less than two years.
Zayd bin Harithah, who lived in Muhammad’s household and came to be regarded as his adoptive son-so that he was regularly addressed as Zayd, son of Muhammad. Whether the marriage between Zayd and Zaynab was a mesalliance from the beginning is speculation, though the account maintains that Zayd was not reluctant to divorce his wife and allow her to marry Muhammad. Muhammad is portrayed as reluctant to proceed with the marriage because of scruples about whether marrying one’s adopted son’s former wife violated the prohibited degrees of marriage. The marriage did not take place until after a Qur’anic revelation was received, giving permission for believers to marry the divorced wives of their adopted sons. Three verses of the Qur’an were written about this. Messenger of Allah, and the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things. Ibn Saad indicates that Q33:37 was a specific instruction to Muhammad and Zaynab to marry and that it explains why their marriage was necessary.
But thou didst hide in thy heart that which Allah was about to make manifest: thou didst fear the people, but it is more fitting that thou shouldst fear Allah. And Allah’s command must be fulfilled. Zayd was “one of the famous archers among the Prophet’s Companions. Zayd behind as governor in Medina. Zayd commanded seven military expeditions. He captured a caravan of merchandise, but most of the Meccan merchants escaped. Nakhl region “on the road to Iraq”.